Role of human resources

Meaning and Definition

Role of human resource, The term Human Resource (HR) gained popularity in the 1960s when aspects of labor relations, motivation, organizational behavior, and selection assessments started taking shape and seeking attention.

Human resources refer to both the department which is responsible for the Recruitment and Selection up to the Exit interview of an employee and people who work for an organization. Human Resource is an umbrella term that encompasses the entire process of management and development of employees working in an organization.

Role of Human Resources

Human Resources play an indispensable role in the smooth functioning of an organization.

The role of Human resources covers an array of activities which include recruiting, screening, interviewing the candidates, placing them as per their skills. Further, they may also perform activities of grievance handling, payroll management, training the employees.

Mentioning the responsibilities of a human resource manager would majorly fall under three broad areas: The first one would be staffing, secondly employee compensation, and lastly, designing work.

In the simplest terms, the Human Resource department is responsible for managing the entire employee cycle and administering different employee benefits.

Role of human resources in a Business 

Human Resource Managers plan and coordinate the workforce so that the talent of employees is utilized in the best possible way. They also help in managing conflict if any occurs between the employees and management. Effectively carry out the entire recruitment process. Further, they also manage the different disciplinary procedures in an organization.

Human Resources in Dynamic Environment

In today’s fast-paced environment HR does play an important role in creating a competitive edge by increasing the productivity of its employees. HR plays a vital role by formulating. the most appropriate personnel management policies.

With the advent of technology, it is of utmost importance to cope up with the changing scenarios and implement the technological aspects in HR as well.

The use of HRIS (Human Resource Information System) to help in facilitating HR plans, increase the decision-making ability, evaluate employee performance, and comprehend cost-effective benefits.

Continuous Improvement Plans (CIP) is a continuous process and helps in analyzing the organizational process for any errors and risks. Further, this process helps to make any structural changes to avoid issues soon.

Human Resources in Healthcare Industry

Human Resources Managers in the healthcare industry play a critical role. They help in managing safety issues, legal issues, increasing the efficiency of its employees, and inculcating problem-solving skills in the employees.

In the healthcare sector, HR managers are responsible for both clinical and non-clinical staff that helps in delivering services to the patients. The different HRM practices need to be developed in the healthcare sector to strike a balance between the workforce supply and the ability of practitioners to practice efficiently.

Role of Human resource management in career development

Career development can be defined as a set of programs that help an individual to match his/her needs, abilities, and career goals. This can be matched keeping in mind the current and future opportunities available in an organization.

Career development has a long-term orientation as it primarily focuses on future opportunities. Career development in an organization is important because it helps in increasing employee motivation and productivity. This process plays a crucial role in implementing career plans.

A career development system comprises of numerous components that are used in an organization. It is of prime importance for the HR managers to have complete knowledge in all aspects to increase the overall organizational efficiency.

There are different tools such as Self-Assessment Tools, Career Planning Workshops, Individual Counselling, Developmental Programs, and Organizational Assessment Programs about which the HR employees should have sound knowledge. As HR plays a very important role of a consultant when employees and supervisors use this system. In addition, they are also responsible for carving out and developing an effective career development system to be implemented in their organization.


Human Resource Management (HRM) has a very prominent role to play in the daily life of the employees. HRM helps in improving the employee’s overall motivation in business.  HR managers pay sincere attention to the company’s legal and policy-related norms. This, in turn, can help increase organizational efficiency both in terms of its productivity and profits.

On the other hand, trade unions also help an employee in achieving the desired negotiation successfully well in time. This simply means that the employees have an option to negotiate for better wages and working conditions.

In the present condition, the employment law has become a prime focus in the world reason being it is more favorable and confined to protecting an employee’s benefit. Moreover, the main purpose of Human Resource Management is to achieve maximum productivity of an organization by optimum utilization of its human capital.

One noteworthy aspect pertaining to Human Resources Management will continue to play its role in each business in the coming future as well.

Leave a Comment